Test Case sc3.1.1_l1_003: Correct lang attribute on body for primary language of content in German - override language information of html element

Formal Metadata

Formal Metadata
TitleCorrect lang attribute on body for primary language of content in German - override language information of html element
DescriptionA page with the first few sentences of Theodor Fontane's novel Effi Briest, in German. The html element has lang and xml:lang attributes with the value for English ("en"). The body element has lang with the value for German ("de").
CreatorBenToWeb (Christophe.Strobbe@…)
RightsCopyright BenToWeb 2005-2007
LanguageEnglish
Date2005-09-01
Statusrejected QA

Technologies and Features

Technologies are markup languages or data formats. If the technology is a markup language, “features” refers to elements and attributes.

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

Feature: lang (namespace: http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml) .

Technical specification: Specifying the language of content: the lang attribute .

Test Data

Purpose

This test case is intended to pass because the primary natural language of the content is correctly identified. Tests should show that defining the primary natural language on the body element instead of the html element does not cause problems. Only the primary language is tested here, not language changes inside the content.

Expert Guidance

This test case can be evaluated automatically when using a test tool with reliable automatic language recognition for both German and English, support for lang and xml:lang attributes and language tags. For a list of language identification tools, see http://odur.let.rug.nl/~vannoord/TextCat/competitors.html.

Test Modes

Automatic evaluation.

Test Files

Test file.

TCDL Data

sc3.1.1_l1_003 (XML).

Rules

“Rules” refer to success criteria in WCAG 2.0, checkpoints in WCAG 1.0 and similar requirements.

Primary Rules

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 3, column 44: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/guidelines.html#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 3, column 58: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/guidelines.html#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 8, column 7: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/guidelines.html#meaning-doc-lang-id.

Functional Outcome

The browser can find the primary language of the document. IBM Home Page Reader 3.0 German version, set to "automatic language recognition", and JAWS 7.1, German version, reads the test file in German. On Windows 2000, JAWS 8.0 with Internet Explorer 6 reads the text as English instead of German, but with Firefox 2.0.0.9, JAWS 8.0 reads it as German.

Technical Comment

The html element has lang and xml:lang attributes and the body element has a lang attribute with the correct value for the body content.

This test case maps to technique H57: Using the lang attribute of the html element (http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-TECHS-20060427/Overview.html#H57).

Secondary Rules

Secondary Rule (WCAG 2.0 - June 2005 Working Draft)

The test case passes (line 3, column 44) the following success criterion: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case passes (line 3, column 58) the following success criterion: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case passes (line 8, column 7) the following success criterion: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-doc-lang-id.

Functional Outcome

The browser can find the primary language of the document.

Technical Comment

The html element has lang and xml:lang attributes and the body element has a lang attribute with the correct value for the body content.